India : Bengaluru to go green

Traffic moves along a road in the southern Indian city of Bangalore December 14, 2005. Bangalore, long known as India's Garden City and now a global technology hub, is set to change its name to Bengalooru, reverting to a centuries-old title that means "the town of boiled beans".

“Environmental Guidelines for Buildings”is the latest guidelines on building construction that will soon be applied in Bengaluru, India by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The guidelines contain about 30 paramaters with response to efficient management of energy, water, land, solid waste, air quality and pre-construction noise, construction and post construction period.

According to the Ministry, there is a need to mandate these ‘Green Construction’ guidelines due to the fact that the building sector consumes 40% electricity generated in the country, 30% of raw materials and 20% each of water, land resources besides generating 30% of solid waste and 20% of effluents.

The ministry also notes that states have broadly agreed to comply with the proposed guidelines for construction projects in urban areas stating that the agreement is feasible for implementation.

However, Dr TV Ramachandra from IISc argues that the Ministry is only doing this for “business” matters and has not shown any effort towards eco-friendly buildings. The carbon footprint assessment in Bengaluru revealed that zones with tall buildings installed with glass facades consume more energy. Higher the electricity consumption means higher carbon footprint and greater contributions to global warming and consequent changes in climate.

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